Advantages and disadvantages of magnetic pump

Yibocommunal
3 min readFeb 10, 2023

Advantages of magnetic pump:
1. Since the drive shaft of the magnetic pump does not need to penetrate the pump casing, but uses the magnetic field to drive the inner magnetic rotor through the magnetic field and the thin-walled transmission torque of the isolation sleeve, thus fundamentally eliminating the leakage channel of the shaft seal and achieving complete sealing.
2. The magnetic pump has overload protection when transmitting power.
3. The magnetic material and magnetic circuit design of the magnetic pump have high requirements, while the other parts have low technical requirements.
4. The maintenance and overhaul workload of magnetic pump is small.
Disadvantages of magnetic pump:
1. The efficiency of the magnetic pump is lower than that of the ordinary centrifugal pump, and it cannot operate at 30% of the lower rated flow, and it is more forbidden to idle.
2. Due to the poor wear resistance of the isolation sleeve material of the magnetic pump, the magnetic pump is generally used to transport the medium without solid particles and the magnetic particle material is forbidden to enter the pump.
3. The magnetic pump with general structure is allowed to transport the liquid containing solid particles with diameter less than 0.15mm (100 mesh) and mass fraction less than 5% (auxiliary system shall be added when exceeding).
4. The pump and motor are connected by a coupling. The coupling requires a high accuracy for the installation of the center line. Improper alignment will lead to the damage of the bearing at the inlet and the wear of the isolation sleeve against unilateral side leakage.
5. The magnetic drive of the magnetic pump has two modes: synchronous drive and asynchronous drive. The inner and outer magnetic rotors of the synchronous drive are equipped with permanent magnets, so the temperature of the liquid transported must be lower than the allowable temperature of the permanent magnet. A certain margin must be reserved. Although cobalt and samarium permanent magnets can reach 350 degrees Celsius, the actual use temperature generally does not exceed 260 degrees Celsius. High temperature on the other side may cause permanent magnet loss of magnetism. The magnetic pump with special structure can reach 450 degrees Celsius.
6. The magnetic pump has high requirements for the material and manufacturing process of the isolation sleeve. If the material is not selected properly or the manufacturing quality is poor, the isolation sleeve cannot withstand the wear of the inner and outer magnetic rotors, resulting in wear. Once it breaks, the medium conveyed will overflow, causing equipment failure and affecting the normal operation of the device.
7. When the temperature of the medium conveyed by the magnetic pump exceeds the specified value, it is necessary to provide cooling outside. For example, the heat insulation chamber is set, the pump chamber is filled with coolant with a pressure higher than the sealing pressure, and the inner magnetic rotor and bearing are cooled. The isolation sleeve with a interlayer can also be used. The interlayer is filled with coolant, or the pump body is equipped with a cooling jacket and a cooling coil. The single structure is complex and the cost is high.

Let your vacuum equipment work healthily and happily

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